Better understand this skin irritation and how to prevent and treat it.
Acne is the term used to describe the skin irritation, bumps and pustules that typically appear on the face, back, shoulders, chest and neck of both men and women, during and after puberty. Acne occurs when a hair follicle becomes blocked and oil (sebum) that would normally be secreted on to the skin stays under the surface. A bottleneck forms in the follicle, bacterium begins to grow, and a microcomedone is created.
A microcomedone is normally referred to as a “pimple” or “zit” and typically results in a white head or black head. White heads are small white slightly raised spots on the skin. They are created when the sebum from the hair follicle stays below the surface. A black head forms when the pore opens up to the surface and the skin pigment in the sebum turns brown or black. Given time and gentle skin care, a whitehead or blackhead will eventually fade on its own. If the skin is picked or scratched in that area, a more serious form of acne may develop in the form of a papule or pustule.