The word “arthritis” is Greek for joint inflammation. It is estimated that 46.4 million Americans have some form of arthritis. The most common types of arthritis are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Arthritis most often affects the knees, wrists, or spinal column. As you age, your chances of developing arthritis rise.
Common Types of Arthritis
Rheumatoid arthritis - An inflammatory form of arthritis that causes joint pain and damage. This arthritis attacks the lining of the joints, which causes swelling that can result in aching, throbbing, and eventually deformity.
Osteoarthritis - The most common form of arthritis, osteoarthritis occurs when cartilage in the joints wears down. It can affect any joint in the body, but most commonly in the hands, hips, knees and spine.
Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis - This arthritis occurs in children 16 years old or younger, and typically lasts at least six weeks. Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis causes joint swelling, stiffness and sometimes reduced motion. It can affect any joint, and even internal organs.
Gout - This is a form of arthritis that is characterized by severe pain, redness and tenderness in the joints. Gout is a complex disorder that can affect anyone, but men are the primary victims.